Chapter 4 -- Form Versus Function: Useful Articles, Architectural Works, and Software

This chapter explores the various tests developed by the courts to determine whether certain kinds of creative works that are also functional satisfy the requirements for copyrightability. This chapter contains the following decisions, listed in the order they are presented in the text. Click on any case name to see background information as well as the full court opinion.

Part A -- Useful Articles with Pictorial, Graphic, and Sculptural Dimensions
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Part B -- Architectural Works
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Part C -- Computer Software
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Supplemental Material For This Chapter
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Cases Deleted From Previous Editions
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