In certain musical genres, such as rap, hip hop, and dubstep, ‘‘sampling’’ is a common practice. Sampling involves digitally copying and remixing sounds from previously recorded albums. As you now know, this practice may implicate two copyrights. When should sampling require the permission of the musical work copyright owner? When should it require the permission of the sound recording copyright owner? This case creates a Circuit split with the Bridgeport decision that is on page 425 of the Fourth Edition.
Page 527. This case (Ninth Circuit ruling) should be used as a replacement for Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. (district court ruling in the same case) that appears on pa and the Notes And Questions on page 532, with the following:
Supplemental Material for Part V: Practical Considerations
This case is the Supreme Court's most recent decision concerning when it is appropriate to award attorney's fees in copyright infringement cases. It can be used in place of on Fantasy, Inc. v. Fogerty and Positive Black Talk, Inc. v. Cash Money Records, Inc. on pages 840 and 844.